Devshayani Ekadashi 2024: Dates and Rituals

Devshayani Ekadashi 2024: Dates and Rituals

Understanding the Significance of Devshayani Ekadashi 2024: Vrat Katha, Rituals, and Observances


  • Devshayani Ekadashi, also known as Ashadi Ekadashi or Maha-Ekadashi, marks an auspicious day in the Hindu lunar calendar. Falling on the eleventh day (Ekadashi) of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu month of Ashadha, it holds profound significance among devotees. In 2024, this sacred occasion holds special importance, inviting believers to delve deeper into its spiritual essence. This article unravels the essence of Devshayani Ekadashi 2024, exploring its vrat katha (narrative), rituals, and observances.

Understanding Devshayani Ekadashi:

  • Devshayani Ekadashi symbolizes the beginning of the Chaturmas, a holy period of four months characterized by heightened spiritual activities, penance, and austerity. It marks the commencement of Lord Vishnu's divine slumber (Shayana) on the cosmic serpent Shesha, in the Kshirsagar, the ocean of milk. The word "Shayana" translates to "rest" or "sleep," signifying a phase where Lord Vishnu reclines to rejuvenate and protect the universe.
  • Devotees believe that on this day, Lord Vishnu begins his cosmic sleep, which extends until Prabodhini Ekadashi, also known as Dev Uthani Ekadashi, in the month of Kartik. During this period, his divine consort, Goddess Lakshmi, attends to him with utmost devotion, symbolizing the nurturing aspect of the feminine energy.

How to observe Devshayani Ekadashi fast?

Observing the Devshayani Ekadashi fast is considered highly auspicious and is believed to bestow divine blessings upon devotees. Here's a guide on how to observe the fast:

  • Intention and Preparation: Begin by setting a clear intention for observing the fast. Understand the significance of Devshayani Ekadashi and the spiritual benefits associated with fasting on this day. Mentally prepare yourself for the austerity and devotion required during the fast.
  • Abstain from Grains and Non-Vegetarian Food: On the day of Devshayani Ekadashi, abstain from consuming grains, including rice, wheat, and lentils. Also, avoid non-vegetarian food items. The fast typically begins from sunrise on Ekadashi and continues until the next day's sunrise.
  • Strict Fast: Observers of Devshayani Ekadashi usually observe a strict fast, refraining from consuming any food or water during the fasting period. The fast is intended to cleanse the body, mind, and soul, and to demonstrate one's devotion to Lord Vishnu.
  • Offer Prayers: Throughout the day, devotees engage in prayer, meditation, and chanting of mantras dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Visit Vishnu temples or create a sacred space at home for offering prayers. Recite Vishnu Sahasranama, Vishnu Purana, or other sacred texts associated with Lord Vishnu.
  • Charity and Generosity: Engage in acts of charity and generosity as a part of observing Devshayani Ekadashi fast. Donate food, clothes, or money to the less fortunate, thereby earning divine merit and blessings.
  • Night Vigil (Jagran): Some devotees choose to stay awake throughout the night, engaging in prayer, meditation, and reading of scriptures. This night vigil, known as Jagran, is considered especially meritorious and is believed to deepen one's spiritual connection with the divine.
  • Breaking the Fast: The fast is traditionally broken on the Dwadashi day (the twelfth day) after sunrise. Offer prayers to Lord Vishnu and consume a simple, sattvic meal to break the fast. Avoid overeating or consuming heavy foods immediately after the fast.
  • Continued Devotion: Even after breaking the fast, continue to maintain a sense of devotion and gratitude towards Lord Vishnu. Reflect on the spiritual insights gained during the fasting period and strive to incorporate them into your daily life.

Observing the Devshayani Ekadashi fast with sincerity, devotion, and purity of heart is believed to bring spiritual upliftment, divine blessings, and fulfillment of desires.

Devshayani Ekadashi Vrat Katha:

  • The vrat katha (narrative) associated with Devshayani Ekadashi Vrat Katha revolves around King Mandata and his kingdom's plight due to a severe drought. Unable to find a solution, the king approached the revered sage Angira for guidance. Sage Angira advised him to observe the fast of Devshayani Ekadashi with utmost sincerity and devotion.
  • Following the sage's counsel, King Mandata and his subjects observed the fast with unwavering faith and devotion. Pleased by their dedication, Lord Vishnu appeared before them and granted his divine blessings. With the Lord's grace, the kingdom was relieved from the drought, and prosperity returned to the land.
  • This Devshayani Ekadashi vrat katha underscores the significance of observing Devshayani Ekadashi with earnest devotion, as it is believed to bestow divine blessings, absolve sins, and fulfill heartfelt desires.

Rituals and Observances:

Devotees observe various rituals and observances on Devshayani Ekadashi to invoke the blessings of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. The following are some common practices associated with this auspicious day:

  • Fasting: Devotees observe a strict fast from sunrise to the next day's sunrise, abstaining from food, water, and grains. The fast is believed to cleanse the body and soul, and bring spiritual merit.
  • Worship: Devotees offer prayers, bhajans (devotional songs), and hymns dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. They visit temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu and participate in special rituals conducted on this day.
  • Charity: Charity holds significant importance on Devshayani Ekadashi. Devotees engage in acts of charity by donating food, clothes, and other essentials to the needy, thereby earning divine merit.
  • Vigil (Jagran): Many devotees observe a night vigil, staying awake throughout the night, immersed in prayer, meditation, and chanting the names of the Lord.
  • Reading Scriptures: Reading and reciting sacred texts such as the Vishnu Purana, Bhagavad Gita, and Vishnu Sahasranama is considered auspicious on this day.


  • Devshayani Ekadashi holds profound spiritual significance, inviting devotees to deepen their connection with Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. In 2024, as believers embark on the journey of devotion and austerity, may they find solace, blessings, and divine grace in observing this sacred occasion. Let us embrace the spirit of piety, compassion, and self-discipline, as we pay homage to the divine and seek their eternal blessings on Devshayani Ekadashi.


Why is Devshayani Ekadashi celebrated?

  • Padma Purana claims that observing fast or fasting on this day frees one from sins committed intentionally or unintentionally. By worshiping with full heart and discipline on this day, women attain salvation. According to Brahmavaivarta Purana, by observing fast on Devshayani Ekadashi, all the wishes are fulfilled.

What is the other name of Devshayani Ekadashi?

  • Lord Vishnu is worshiped on the day of Devshayani Ekadashi. Devshayani Ekadashi is also known by names like Harishayani Ekadashi and Padmanabha Ekadashi.

When is Dev Uthani Ekadashi in 2024?

Devshayani Ekadashi 2024 fasting breaking time

  • Those who observe the fast of Devshayani Ekadashi on 17th July, will break the fast on Thursday, 18th July. The time of Paran is between 05:35 AM to 08:20 AM. The fast has to be completed by passing Parana in this time.

What should be eaten on Devshayani Ekadashi?

  • Do not eat Tamasic food – On the day of Devshayani Ekadashi, one should eat Satvik food.

What should not be done after Devshayani Ekadashi?

  • Chaturmas will start from Devshayani Ekadashi. After this, all auspicious works will be prohibited. Lord Shri Hari Vishnu will remain in Yoga Nidra for four months. Due to being in Yoga Nidra, no auspicious work will happen till Devuthani Ekadashi or Prabodhini Ekadashi.

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