Mahavir Jayanti: Celebrating the Life and Teachings of Lord Mahavir Swami

Mahavir Jayanti: Celebrating the Life and Teachings of Lord Mahavir Swami


  • Mahavir Jayanti is an auspicious occasion celebrated by millions of people across the globe, particularly by followers of Jainism, to commemorate the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir Swami. It falls on the 13th day of the Chaitra month according to the Hindu calendar, which typically corresponds to the month of March or April in the Gregorian calendar. This day holds immense significance as it marks the birth of one of the most revered spiritual leaders in Jainism, whose teachings continue to inspire millions to lead a life of non-violence, compassion, and righteousness. In this article, we delve into the life, teachings, and significance of Mahavir Swami Jayanti, exploring the legacy left behind by this great spiritual luminary.

The Life of Lord Mahavir Swami:

  • Lord Mahaveer Swami, also known as Vardhamana, was born in 599 BCE in Kundalagrama, near Vaishali, which is now located in present-day Bihar, India. He was born into the royal family of King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala. Even from his early years, Mahavir Swami exhibited signs of greatness and spiritual inclination.
  • At the age of 30, after renouncing his princely status and worldly possessions, Mahavir Swami embarked on a profound spiritual journey in search of enlightenment. For the next twelve years, he practiced intense meditation, austerities, and self-discipline, striving to attain perfect knowledge and liberation from the cycle of birth and death.
  • Mahaveer Swami's teachings emphasized the principles of ahimsa (non-violence), satya (truth), asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (chastity), and aparigraha (non-attachment). He preached compassion towards all living beings and advocated for the equality of all souls, irrespective of caste, creed, or species.

The Philosophy of Jainism:

  • Mahaveer Swami's teachings laid the foundation for Jainism, one of the oldest religions in the world. Jainism advocates for a path of spiritual purification through self-discipline, detachment, and non-violence. The core philosophy of Jainism revolves around the concept of ahimsa, which extends beyond mere physical violence to include mental and verbal violence as well.
  • Jainism teaches that every living being, from the tiniest microorganism to the largest mammals, possesses a soul (jiva) and deserves respect and compassion. The ultimate goal of Jainism is to achieve moksha, liberation from the cycle of birth and death, by shedding karmic bondage through righteous conduct, meditation, and ascetic practices.

Celebrations of Mahavir Jayanti:

  • Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated with great fervor and devotion by Jains worldwide. The celebrations typically begin with ceremonial prayers and hymns in Jain temples, where devotees gather to offer their reverence to Lord Mahavir. The temples are adorned with flowers, flags, and colorful decorations, creating a festive atmosphere.
  • Devotees also participate in processions, where statues of Lord Mahavir are carried through the streets amidst chanting of prayers and hymns. Community feasts are organized where people come together to share food and exchange greetings.
  • During Mahaveer Swami Jayanti, Jains engage in acts of charity, compassion, and selflessness, following the teachings of Lord Mahavir. They offer donations to the less fortunate, participate in voluntary service activities, and strive to embody the principles of ahimsa and compassion in their daily lives.

Significance of Mahavir Jayanti:

  • Mahaveer Swami Jayanti holds immense significance for Jains as it provides an opportunity to reflect on the life and teachings of Lord Mahavir and reaffirm their commitment to his principles. It serves as a reminder to strive for spiritual growth, moral integrity, and compassion towards all living beings.
  • The teachings of Lord Mahavir Swami continue to resonate with people of all backgrounds, inspiring them to lead a life of virtue, self-discipline, and service to humanity. In a world plagued by violence, intolerance, and discord, the message of ahimsa and compassion espoused by Mahavir Swami holds immense relevance and importance.


  • Mahaveer Swami Jayanti is not just a religious festival but a celebration of the timeless wisdom and teachings of Lord Mahavir Swami. It serves as a guiding light for humanity, reminding us of the importance of non-violence, truth, and compassion in our lives. As we commemorate Mahavir Jayanti, let us strive to imbibe the noble virtues preached by Lord Mahavir and work towards building a world of peace, harmony, and mutual respect. May his teachings continue to inspire and enlighten us on the path to spiritual evolution and liberation.


When is Mahavir Jayanti in 2024?

  • Mahavir Jayanti will be celebrated on 21st April 2024

Is Mahavir Jayanti national holiday?

  • In India, Mahavir Jayanti is a gazetted holiday, with government workplaces at the state, local, and national levels remaining closed.

What do Jains do on Mahavir Jayanti?

  • Mahavir Jayanti is enthusiastically celebrated by Jains worldwide. They engage in processions (rath yatra), temple visits, charity towards the needy, meditation, and chanting hymns in honor of Lord Mahavir on this auspicious occasion.

What is special about Mahavir Jayanti?

  • Mahavir Jayanti commemorates the birth anniversary of the 24th and final Tirthankara of Jainism, emphasizing the religion's focus on achieving global peace while minimizing harm to living beings. Jains worldwide celebrate this occasion with enthusiasm and fervor.

Who is founder of Jainism?

  • Vardhamana Mahavira, the last Tirthankara, is revered as the founder of Jainism.

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