Naraka Chaturdashi in 2024: Celebrating the Triumph of Light over Darkness

Naraka Chaturdashi in 2024: Celebrating the Triumph of Light over Darkness

Narak Chaturdashi on 31 Oct 2024: Welcoming the festival of light and victory


  • Naraka Chaturdashi, often referred to as Choti Deepawali or Choti Diwali, stands as a beacon of light amidst the darkness, celebrated with fervor and joy across India. This significant day falls on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Ashwin. In the year 2024, Naraka Chaturdashi graces the calendar on [specific date], marking an occasion filled with mythology, rituals, and profound spiritual significance. Let us embark on a journey to unravel the essence of this vibrant festival and understand why it holds such a special place in the hearts of millions.

Why is Narak Chaturdashi Celebrated?

  • Narak Chaturdashi derives its name from the combination of "Naraka," meaning hell, and "Chaturdashi," signifying the fourteenth day. The festival commemorates the legendary victory of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura. According to Hindu mythology, Narakasura, fueled by arrogance and power, unleashed chaos and terror upon the world. To restore harmony and righteousness, Lord Krishna, with the assistance of his consort Satyabhama, confronted and defeated Narakasura, thus liberating humanity from his malevolent grip. Narak Chaturdashi symbolizes the triumph of good over evil, light over darkness, and serves as a reminder of the eternal battle between righteousness and wickedness.

Narak Chaturdashi in India:

  • In India, Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated with immense zeal and enthusiasm, transcending regional and cultural boundaries. The festivities commence with an early morning bath, often accompanied by the application of ubtan, a herbal mixture renowned for its purifying properties. This ritual is believed to cleanse the body and soul, preparing individuals for the day's celebrations. Homes resonate with the sounds of joy and laughter as families come together to decorate their dwellings with vibrant rangolis, intricate patterns adorning entrances, courtyards, and prayer rooms. Lamps and diyas are lit, illuminating every corner with warmth and radiance, symbolizing the victory of light over darkness and the dispelling of ignorance.

Narak Chaturdashi Mythology:

  • The mythology surrounding Narak Chaturdashi is deeply entrenched in Hindu scriptures and folklore. According to the Bhagavata Purana, Narakasura was born to the earth goddess Bhudevi and Varaha, the boar incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Despite his divine lineage, Narakasura's unchecked ego and insatiable thirst for power led him down a path of darkness and destruction. His defeat at the hands of Lord Krishna serves as a poignant reminder of the consequences of arrogance and injustice. The legend of Narak Chaturdashi not only narrates the triumph of righteousness but also underscores the importance of humility, compassion, and selflessness in the face of adversity.

Narak Chaturdashi Rituals:

  • Rituals associated with Narak Chaturdashi vary across different regions of India, each imbued with profound symbolism and significance. In some parts, devotees indulge in oil massages, believed to promote physical well-being and vitality, while others perform a symbolic act of breaking bitter fruits, signifying the destruction of negativity and the emergence of positivity. Offering prayers to Lord Krishna and lighting oil lamps are common customs observed on this auspicious day, symbolizing the dispelling of ignorance and the illumination of the soul. Additionally, traditional dishes and sweets are prepared, shared, and savored with loved ones, fostering a sense of camaraderie and togetherness.


  • Narak Chaturdashi, with its rich tapestry of mythology, rituals, and customs, transcends mere religious observance, embodying the collective ethos and values of Indian society. As darkness dissipates and light prevails, the festival serves as a poignant reminder of the eternal struggle between good and evil, and the indomitable spirit of humanity to overcome adversity. Through centuries, Narak Chaturdashi has remained a cherished tradition, fostering unity, joy, and spiritual renewal among communities far and wide.


How is Narak Chaturdashi celebrated?

  • Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated through various rituals and offerings. During the puja ceremonies, devotees make offerings of oil, flowers, and sandalwood. Additionally, coconuts and prasad consisting of sesame seeds, jaggery, and rice flakes (poha) mixed with ghee and sugar are presented to Lord Hanuman.

Are Naraka Chaturdashi and Diwali the same?

  • Narak Chaturdashi, alternatively known as Choti Diwali or Roop Chaudas, constitutes a Hindu festival customarily occurring one day preceding the principal Diwali festival. Observed on the 14th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu month of Kartik, it typically falls in October or November.

What happens in Naraka Chaturdashi?

  • The evening of Narak Chaturdashi is marked by the jubilant display of fireworks. As part of the midday meal, special sweet dishes are served, adding to the festive ambiance. Furthermore, households are adorned with the warm glow of oil lamps throughout the evening, illuminating the surroundings with a radiant aura. In the state of Goa, elaborate paper-made effigies of Narakasura, filled with grass and firecrackers to symbolize evil, are crafted and displayed as part of the celebrations.

Is Narak Chaturdashi only celebrated in India?

  • While Narak Chaturdashi is predominantly celebrated in India, variations of the festival can be found in other countries with Hindu populations.

Are there any traditional dishes associated with Narak Chaturdashi?

  • Yes, various sweets and savories are prepared during Narak Chaturdashi, including ladoos, kheer, and puris.

How long has Narak Chaturdashi been celebrated?

  • The origins of Narak Chaturdashi can be traced back to ancient Hindu scriptures, making it a time-honored tradition that has endured for millennia.

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