Vat Savitri (Vat Purnima): A Revered Tradition Celebrating Eternal Love and Fidelity

Vat Savitri (Vat Purnima): A Revered Tradition Celebrating Eternal Love and Fidelity

Vat Purnima(06 June 2024): Significance and Rituals Explained

Vat Savitri fast on Amavasya tithi is on 6th June, while Vat Savitri fast on full moon day will be observed on 21st June.


  • In the vibrant tapestry of Hindu culture and traditions, Vat Savitri, also known as Vat Purnima or Savitri Vrat, stands as a timeless testament to the enduring essence of love, devotion, and marital fidelity. This sacred observance holds profound significance, primarily for married women who embark on a day-long fast and perform rituals to seek blessings for the longevity and well-being of their spouses. Rooted in ancient mythology and scriptures, Vat Savitri is not merely a religious ritual but a poignant narrative that resonates with the eternal bond between husband and wife.

Origins and Mythological Significance:

  • The origin of Vat Savitri finds its roots in the legendary tale of Savitri and Satyavan, narrated in the epic Mahabharata. Savitri, renowned for her unwavering devotion and unparalleled love for her husband Satyavan, undertook rigorous penance and observed a strict fast on the auspicious day of Vat Purnima. Her devotion was tested when Yama, the god of death, arrived to claim the soul of her husband. Refusing to accept her fate, Savitri followed Yama and engaged in a profound dialogue that showcased her intellect and determination. Impressed by her virtues, Yama granted her three boons. Savitri cleverly utilized these boons to secure the revival of her husband's life, thereby immortalizing her as the epitome of spousal devotion and feminine strength.

Vat Savitri Vrat: A Symbol of Marital Fidelity:

  • Vat Savitri Vrat, observed predominantly by married women, holds deep symbolic significance. On this day, women wake up before dawn to perform ritualistic baths and don traditional attire, often adorning themselves with auspicious symbols like sindoor (vermilion) and mangalsutra (sacred necklace symbolizing marriage). The fast commences at sunrise and lasts until the sighting of the moon. Throughout the day, women abstain from consuming food and water, immersing themselves in prayers, meditation, and recitation of sacred hymns dedicated to Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati, and Savitri.

Vat Savitri Puja:

  • Central to the Vat Savitri observance is the ceremonial worship of the banyan tree (Vat Vriksha). Women gather around this sacred tree, adorned with colorful threads, vermilion, and offerings of fruits, flowers, and sacred water. They circumambulate the tree, tying sacred threads around its trunk while fervently praying for the well-being and longevity of their husbands. This ritual symbolizes the timeless bond between Savitri and Satyavan, emphasizing the sanctity of marriage and the strength derived from unwavering devotion.

The Narrative of Vat Savitri Vrat Katha:

  • The Vat Savitri Vrat Katha, recited with reverence during the observance, recounts the legendary tale of Savitri and Satyavan. This narrative serves as a guiding light, imparting valuable lessons on the virtues of love, sacrifice, and perseverance. Through Savitri's exemplary conduct and steadfast devotion, women are inspired to emulate her virtues and uphold the sanctity of marriage in their own lives. The narrative transcends time and space, resonating with audiences across generations, reaffirming the timeless values of commitment, loyalty, and selflessness.

Significance Beyond Religious Observance:

  • While Vat Savitri is deeply rooted in religious beliefs and customs, its significance transcends the realms of spirituality, resonating with the universal themes of love, devotion, and sacrifice. The ritualistic observance serves as a poignant reminder of the enduring bond between husband and wife, fostering a sense of unity, harmony, and mutual respect within the marital relationship. Moreover, Vat Savitri encourages introspection and spiritual growth, inviting individuals to reflect on the deeper meanings of love, duty, and morality in their lives.

Rituals Beyond Religious Observance:

  • The rituals of Vat Savitri encompass several key elements deeply rooted in tradition and symbolism. Women wake up early to perform ceremonial baths and don traditional attire. They adorn themselves with sacred symbols like sindoor and mangalsutra. Fasting begins at sunrise and lasts until moonrise. Women gather around the sacred banyan tree (Vat Vriksha), offering prayers, circumambulating the tree, and tying sacred threads around its trunk. Offerings of fruits, flowers, and sacred water are made to the tree as a symbol of reverence. The Vat Savitri Vrat Katha, narrating the legend of Savitri and Satyavan, is recited with devotion. These rituals symbolize the timeless bond between husband and wife, fostering a sense of unity, devotion, and marital fidelity.


  • In the tapestry of Hindu traditions, Vat Savitri shines as a radiant jewel, illuminating the path of devotion, fidelity, and eternal love. Through its timeless narrative and sacred rituals, Vat Savitri continues to inspire reverence and admiration, serving as a beacon of hope and strength for millions of devotees worldwide. As women observe the Vat Savitri Vrat with utmost devotion and sincerity, they not only honor the legacy of Savitri but also reaffirm the enduring power of love to conquer all obstacles and transcend the boundaries of mortality. May the spirit of Vat Savitri continue to imbue hearts with love, devotion, and unwavering faith for generations to come.


Why do we celebrate VAT Savitri?

  • Vat Savitri holds immense significance for Hindu married women who fast on this day, seeking longevity and well-being for their husbands. Falling on Amavasya Tithi, it's also called Vat Amavasya.

What is the story of Vata Savitri?

  • The history of Vat Savitri traces back to an ancient Hindu legend found in the Mahabharata. It revolves around Savitri, daughter of King Ashwapati and wife of Satyavan. Legend has it that Satyavan, Savitri's husband, was fated to die a year after their marriage.

What is VAT Savitri for?

  • Vat Savitri is traditionally celebrated on the Purnima (full moon) day in the Hindu month of Jyeshtha, typically occurring in May or June. Dedicated to the worship of the Banyan tree (Vat or Banyan), the festival predominantly involves married women praying for the well-being and longevity of their husbands.

Can unmarried girls do VAT Savitri Puja?

  • The Vat Savitri Vrat is a profoundly significant observance primarily undertaken by married women throughout India. It is performed with the primary intention of ensuring the longevity of their husband's life and fostering peace and harmony within the family. However, unmarried women may also observe this Vrat, seeking a good life partner and blessings for a prosperous married life ahead.

Who is Savitri's husband?

  • The Mahabharata narrates the story of Savitri, who exemplified unwavering dedication to her husband, Satyavan. When Yama, the god of death, arrived to claim Satyavan's soul as destined, Savitri's steadfast devotion prevented him from doing so. Her extraordinary commitment and love for her husband made her the epitome of a faithful wife.

How is Vat Savitri pooja done?

  • As part of the Vat Savitri Puja Vidhi, women offer water to the Vat tree, apply kumkum (red powder), tie a yellow-red cotton thread around the trunk of the Vat tree, and circumambulate it seven times.

What are the rituals of Vat Savitri Puja?

  • Hindu married women start the Vat Savitri Vrat on Trayodashi, applying sesame paste and amla on the first day. During the fast, they consume the roots of the Banyan tree. They paint a Banyan tree on wood with turmeric paste and worship it for three days. On the fourth day, they wake up early, take a ritual bath, establish idols of Satyavan-Savitri and Yamraj at the tree, wear bridal attire, offer prayers, sprinkle vermillion, tie sacred threads around the trunk, circle the tree seven times while chanting prayers, and break their fast on Amavasya or Purnima with prasad including wet pulses, mango, jackfruit, banana, and lemon.

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